Denial of Entry
This involves constructing barriers on your farm to make it more difficult for someone to enter the property. Points of access leading to areas where animals or expensive equipment are kept are fortified with strong gates, heavy chains, and a variety of locks. Equipment should not be stored behind weak fences or by the roadside. If possible, lock your equipment inside a secure building. When securing horses and other livestock, be sure your fences are strong and there are several barriers. The goal of denial-of-entry measures is to prevent theft by making your property too difficult to break into in the first place.
Defense of Property
Don’t forget the lighting! Bathing an area with bright light is another strong yet inexpensive deterrent. The lights should be hooked up via photoelectric cell so they turn on at night and off in the morning. Avoid motion sensor lights, though. You really want the light on full brightness at night to encompass a larger area than a motion sensor is able to cover.
For equipment, trucks, and tractors, secure them inside if possible and remove the key. Chaining equipment together or blocking smaller items with bigger pieces of equipment can prevent theft, too. You can also install hidden “kill” switches where the ignition is disconnected and the item can’t be started. If you have few denial-of-entry options, then consider removing a distributor cap, rotor or battery. Another simple technique is to chain and lock the rear wheels together. For trailers, you can install a wheel / axle lock.
For really valuable equipment, think about placing a hidden GPS unit with its own backup power supply. You can use it to track stolen items, and if an item is moved from a geo-fenced area, the device can alert you.
Remember to keep pasture gates closed and locked when not in use or not under observation. Never leave halters on fences or near gates, as this can aid theft. This includes leaving lead ropes and other items within easy access. When possible, feed your horse away from gates or near roads. This prevents them from being in areas that are easy to access.
Depending on your area or level of risk, consider starting a farm, ranch or horse watch program in your community. Report all suspicious activity immediately.